February 14 is celebrated on Valentine's Day
It is a party much awaited by lovers,
and wives who express their mutual love.
Cards, chocolates and teddy bears are sent.
According to the encyclopedia on Valentine's Day:
It is a traditional celebration in which the bride and groom,
lovers or spouses express their love or affection to each other.
It is celebrated on February 14, St. Valentine's Day.
In many countries it is called Valentine's Day.
Particularly in Colombia,
for commercial reasons,
this party is celebrated on the third weekend of September
and is known as Love and Friendship Day.
At present, it is celebrated through the exchange of love notes
known as "valentines", with symbols such as the symbolic
form of the heart and Cupid.
Since the nineteenth century,
the exchange of mass-produced postcards has been introduced.
Added to this practice is giving other types of gifts
such as roses and chocolates,
usually given to women by men.
In the United States,
this celebration also began to be associated with a platonic
love greeting from "Happy Valentine's",
sent by men to their friends - rarely to their friends.
The feast of St. Valentine was celebrated in the Catholic Church
from AD 484 until 1969 when he decided not to include the feast
as an official celebration of the church since
his origin could not be verified with certainty,
but even some parishes continue with the festivity
Although it is not known with certainty how was
the beginning of this party, according to historians,
like many other modern parties,
the Valentine party had its beginnings in a pagan custom.
There are several versions regarding its origin.
It is said that in ancient Rome there was a celebration
called Lupercales in which the young unmarried men
took out in a lottery of love the name of a young single girl
who became their sexual partner for a whole year.
Seduce that before this depravity,
a Catholic priest called 'Valentine' proposed a different
idea where both young men and virgins took the name
of some saint whom they intended to imitate for a year.
Another version tells that according to
"some experts declare that [the party] originated from Saint Valentine,
a Roman who was charmed by refusing to leave Christianity.
He died on February 14, 269 AD,
the same day he had dedicated himself to love lotteries.
Another version says that the Roman Emperor, Claudius II,
thought that single soldiers were better for war than married ones,
since the latter had their hearts divided between war and family and did not do their job well.
For that reason, Claudius forbade soldiers to marry.
Faced with this 'injustice', the priest Valentín,
along with two other companions,
decided to marry the young people secretly according to the rite of the Church.
In the form of gratitude, the soldiers sent gifts of thanks to Saint Valentine,
but upon being discovered by the emperor of Rome,
they were imprisoned and then martyred.
It is also said that while in prison the priest fell in love with the daughter of a jailer.
According to this story, which was transmitted orally and of which there is no testimony,
the priest fell hopelessly in love with the daughter of one of his jailers
to whom he addressed a passionate letter signed as "your Valentine",
which gave rise to the tradition of the letters that in many countries
the lovers exchange on February 14
The truth is that the versions about the true identity of Saint Valentine
are very uncertain and possibly even false. S
ome of the versions say the following of Valentine's Day [
• He was a Roman priest (Italian), died in 273.
Very venerated in France, especially in the diocese of Jumièges
• He was a bishop of the city of Interamna (today Temi, Italy),
where the remains of the body are conserved in the homonymous basilica,
and where February 14 is the patronal feast
• He was a martyr of the Roman province of Africa,
during the Roman conquest of Africa.
The history around St. Valentine is so dubious that some have even affirmed
that the legends about them were invented and that in reality the saint never existed.
However, today the festival is celebrated almost globally
and even the Christian churches of different denominations separate
the day to celebrate "love and friendship". Young people give hearts,
flowers and chocolates to their girlfriends and spouses give each other presents.